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Pre-Birth to Three

Last updated:
11 July 2016


What is this?

​Recognising that all adults working with Scotland's youngest children have an important responsibility to implement The Early Years Framework is central to achieving transformational change for Scotland's children. 

This guidance, which complements Building the Ambition, reflects and supports Scotland's shared vision and commitment to developing a strategic approach to prevention and early intervention in tackling the significant inequalities in Scottish society. It is built on research and seeks to promote evidence-based approaches.

Pre-Birth to Three: Positive Outcomes for Scotland's Children and Families recognises the importance of pregnancy and the first years of life in influencing children's development and future outcomes. A focus on this period is therefore critical to achieving positive outcomes for Scotland's children and families.

Who is this for?

​The national guidance supports students and staff working with and on behalf of our youngest children and their families. This guidance is to be used in tandem with Building the Ambition.

Download(s)

PDF file: Pre-Birth to Three guidance (2.3 MB)
PDF file: Pre-Birth to Three - introduction (269 KB) 

​Explore the resource

Conversations with experts can be found throughout this resource. Hear from:

  • Robin Balbernie, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist at Gloucestershire CAMHS
  • John Carnochan, head of Strathclyde Police's Violence Reduction Unit
  • Aline-Wendy Dunlop, Emeritus Professor within Childhood and Primary Studies at the University of Strathclyde
  • Vivette Glover, Professor in Perinatal Psychobiology, Imperial College London and Honorary Senior Lecturer, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London
  • Rosemary Roberts, freelance early years consultant and trainer
  • Maria Robinson, lecturer, counsellor, trainer and advisor in early years development
  • Colwyn Trevarthen, Emeritus Professor of Child Psychology and Psychobiology in the University of Edinburgh
  • Suzanne Zeedyk, Senior Lecturer in Developmental Psychology at Dundee University.

Introduction

The first of three videos in this playlist provides an introduction to the 'Pre-Birth to Three' national guidance and multimedia resource. The second and third clips explore Scotland’s shared vision and commitment to developing a strategic approach to prevention and early intervention in tackling the significant inequalities in Scottish society.

 Can't view these videos? You can also view these clips on Glow (log-in required).

The importance of the early years

In this video playlist, hear from educational experts on how the care that is given in the earliest years plays a crucial part in children's development and has a wider impact on society.

 Can't view these videos? You can also view these clips on Glow (log-in required).

Research 

This section suggests ways in which staff can make the best possible use of research in their everyday practice. Research is simply another term for ‘finding out’ so that informed decisions are made.

 Can't view this video? You can also view this clip on Glow (log-in required).

Four key principles for best starts and positive outcomes

The rights of the child, relationships, responsive care and respect are the four key principles which form the basis of this guidance. All staff working with babies and young children should be aware that these key principles are interrelated and interdependent.

  • Rights of the child - Children's rights are defined in many ways, including a wide spectrum of civil, cultural, economic, social and political rights.
  • Relationships - Babies are genetically predisposed to form relationships; this is their strongest evolutionary survival mechanism.
  • Responsive care - Responsive care means knowing and accepting children and respecting that they are unique individuals.
  • Respect - Children's views, values and attitudes are shaped largely by family and more indirectly by communities.

This playlist contains 13 video clips on the four key principles.

Can't view these videos? You can also view these clips on Glow (log-in required).

Nine features of the key principles in practice

It is suggested that the following nine features of practice may be an effective way of supporting staff as they implement the four key principles. These features are all equally significant and, as such, are not presented hierarchically.

  • Role of staff - Staff working with our youngest children have a vital and rewarding role in promoting the four key principles.
  • Attachments - Responsive and caring adults are essential for babies and young children to develop and thrive.
  • Transitions - Transitions are times of change; they are part of everyday life and take place from the earliest years.
  • Observation, assessment and planning - Through observation and assessment, staff, parents and children, where appropriate, can create and maintain plans which help to provide a focused and individualised approach.
  • Partnership working - The principles which underpin Scotland's Early Years Framework support strong and effective partnerships.
  • Health and wellbeing - Within the UNCRC is the declaration that all children have the right to experience a healthy start in life and to be offered a standard of living that meets their physical and mental health needs.
  • Literacy and numeracy - Literacy and numeracy are fundamental for children to function effectively and to contribute to society.
  • Environments - The environment, both indoor and outdoor, plays an important role in the development of babies and young children from their earliest experiences.
  • Play - There is a strong link between children’s learning through play and the impact in later life.

This playlist contains 19 video clips on the nine features of the key principles in practice.

Can't view these videos? You can also view these clips on Glow (log-in required).

Download video transcripts

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Introduction

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: A Shared Vision

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Suzanne Zeedyk: A shared vision

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: The Importance of the Early Years

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Importance of the Early Years

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Detective Chief Superintendent John Carnochan: Importance of the Early Years

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Robin Balbernie: Importance of the Early Years

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Vivette Glover: Importance of the Early Years

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Suzanne Zeedyk: Brain development

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Using Research to Inform Practice

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Rights of the Child

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Aline Wendy Dunlop: Rights of the child

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Rosemary Roberts: Choice

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Robin Balbernie: Relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Suzanne Zeedyk: Importance of relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Colwyn Trevarthen: Relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Responsive care

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Rosemary Roberts: Empathy

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Empathy

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Respect

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Respect

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Role of Staff

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Aline Wendy Dunlop: Role of Staff

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Role of staff

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Attachments

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Attunement

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Transitions

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Aline-Wendy Dunlop: Transitions

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Observation, Assessment and Planning

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Rosemary Roberts: Companionable relationships

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Partnership Working

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Health and Wellbeing

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Literacy and Numeracy

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Language development

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Colwyn Trevarthen: Language development

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Professor Colwyn Trevarthen: Musicality of language

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Environments

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Maria Robinson: Play

Word file: Pre-Birth to Three: Doctor Rosemary Roberts: Schemas




Tags:

Learning and assessment; Early Learning and Childcare (ELC); Transformational Change

​Related links

The Early Years Framework
(Scottish Government website.)

Building the Ambition