How to use this learning and assessment resource to improve practice
Research shows that the best way to combat the negative effects of gender stereotyping on young people is through an embedded and sustained approach to raising gender bias awareness. Some of the activities here are to engage and challenge young people. Some are to support practitioners in reflecting on and monitoring their own practice.
These resources provide a starting point for embedding equalities in every aspect of a young person’s journey through education, and could be used to tie in with other equity policies and programmes such as Rights Respecting Schools.
- How could these ideas be implemented on a whole school / whole cluster basis?
- Are there practices or guidelines addressing gender stereotyping and bias already in place in your school/ELC setting? Are these relevant and up to date? Are staff aware of them?
- Which stakeholders need to be involved in this programme in order to ensure maximum impact?
Why Improve Gender Balance?
Key findings from the IGB pilot in Scotland.
PDF file: Summary of key findings (253 KB)
A literature review has been produced to provide an overview of relevant theory and research in this area, with points for professional discussion and ideas for practice.
PDF file: Improving Gender Balance – A Literature Review - April 2019 (736 KB)
Professor Louise Archer (University College London) talks about science capital, including gender, at Scottish Learning Festival 2018
Can't view this video? You can also
view this clip on Glow (log-in required).
Education Scotland's report on the research into gender in STEM subject uptake:
PDF file: Looking at gender balance in STEM subjects in school (4.4 MB)
PDF file: Looking at gender balance in STEM subjects in school - List of references (294 KB)
The Institute of Physics' guide to countering gender stereotyping across secondary schools:
PDF file: Opening doors - A guide to good practice in countering gender stereotyping in schools (402 KB)
A summary of the outcomes of the improving gender balance (IGB) projects run in England:
Improving Gender Balance - Results and recommendations from the IOP's work in schools (523 KB)
Resources for use with pupils
Introductory lessons on gender stereotyping and its effects, with activities and worksheets for S1-S5/6.
Zip file: S1 - Introduction to gender stereotypes (348 KB)
Zip file: S2 - Gender stereotypes and me (620 KB)
Zip file: S3 - Unconscious bias (820 KB)
Zip file: S4 - Gender stereotypes and the media (2.47 MB)
Zip file: S5 - Stereotype threat (497 KB)
Short films of pupils discussing gender stereotypes (on YouTube)
Gender and sport
Gender and jobs
Resources for practitioners
Action guides for those wishing to tackle gender balance in their school or early years setting.
PDF file: Introduction action guide (699 KB)
PDF file: ELC action guide (475 KB)
PDF file: Primary action guide (326 KB)
PDF file: Secondary action guide (1.7 MB)
These case studies describe some actions developed by practitioners
PDF file: Case study booklet (1.5MB)
These posters and postcards could be used to raise awareness around the school/ELC
PDF file: Posters (8 MB)
PDF file: Postcards (4 MB)
Zipped folder: IGB posters and postcards (jpeg format) (large file - 35 MB)
Posters with tips for ensuring inclusivity in teaching. The advice is broad and appropriate for all levels. The first is science specific, whereas the second is suitable for all subjects.
PDF file: Inclusive science teaching - 10 tips for teachers (515 KB)
PDF file: Inclusive teaching - 10 tips for teachers (516 KB)
Booklet with links to opportunities for learners to conduct original scientific research. An inspiring way to increase understanding of and interest in science.
PDF file: Authentic Research Booklet (926 KB)
PDF file: Care Inspectorate: Gender Equal Play in Early Learning and Childcare (1.7 MB)
Playlists of short films showcasing primary, secondary and ELC work towards gender balance (on YouTube)
Why have schools engaged with IGB? (3 videos)
Click to access playlist of 3 videos (see icon before title) with voices from ELC, primary and secondary staff.
First steps (2 videos)
Click to access playlist of 2 videos (see icon before title) with ideas on how to develop an action plan and creating whole school ethos.
Some actions to encourage gender balance (4 videos)
Click to access playlist of 4 videos (see icon before title) including actions in ELCs, how to fit gender into a primary curriculum, actions that secondary school departments can take and actions for a whole school.
Wider engagement (2 videos)
Click to access playlist of 2 videos (see icon before title) discussing parental engagement and social media.
A set of questions designed to help teachers to record and extend their gender-inclusive practice in the classroom.
PDF file: Inclusive learning checklist (508 KB)
A framework for monitoring interactions with male and female students in the classroom.
PDF file: Classroom interactions - self-evaluation template (504 KB)
Images for free use by schools
Photo sets for practitioners wishing to illustrate or counter stereotypes at different levels.
PowerPoint presentation: ELC stereotypes - 33 images (5.3 MB)
PowerPoint presentation: Primary stereotypes - 36 images (3.7 MB)
PowerPoint presentation: Secondary stereotypes - 40 images (3.7 MB)
Photo set for illustrating STEM activity from early years to secondary.
PowerPoint presentation: STEM - all ages (2.9 MB)
Note on copyright
These Institute of Physics materials are made available with the kind permission of the Institute of Physics (© Institute of Physics 2017). Re-use of these materials is subject to IOP’s copyright policy, which can be accessed here: