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What is Prevent?
The UK Counter-Terrorism (CONTEST) Strategy was developed to tackle threats that Scotland and the rest of the UK face from a range of extremist and terrorist ideologies, groups and individuals. Prevent is one strand of this strategy, and sits alongside Pursue, Protect and Prepare.
In 2015, the UK Government placed a duty on specified authorities (including schools, colleges and universities) to have, in the exercise of their functions, “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.
Simply put, Prevent is about safeguarding individuals from being drawn into terrorism, ensuring those vulnerable to extremist and terrorist narratives are given appropriate advice and support at an early stage. Prevent is no different to any other form of safeguarding from harm.
UK Home Office factsheet:
Threat posed by right-wing terrorism (released 19 March 2019).
How does Prevent affect you?
Schools have an important role to play by providing a safe space for learners to explore, discuss and debate the range of social and political issues in our rapidly changing world.
It is important to develop young people’s skills to be able to engage as active citizens in a democratic society, developing critical thinking skills so that they become resilient to and equipped to challenge divisive viewpoints and hate speech.
Staff should have a clear understanding of how the holding of views which endorse extremism can lead to safeguarding issues for the wellbeing of the individual young person. Local authorities would therefore be expected to demonstrate an awareness of the Prevent strategy in their work to implement the
Getting it Right for Every Child (GIRFEC) approach.
Within the curriculum, Social Studies, Health and Wellbeing, and Religious and Moral Education have particular roles to play in helping children and young people develop their understanding of the world by learning about other people, cultures, beliefs, attitudes and values.
It is important to use learning and teaching methodologies that support collaborative learning and critical thinking, help to create supportive learning environments, and to address controversial issues effectively.
Helping to challenge misinformed views and perceptions amongst learners and challenging commonly held myths, for example regarding particular communities, requires skilled practitioners who use techniques that open up discussion.
Staff members should model to learners how diverse views can be heard, analysed and challenged in a way which values dignity, freedom of speech, and freedom from harm. Establishments should consider the professional development needs of staff, to build capacity so that teachers are better equipped to deal with potential safeguarding issues.
Key Prevent policies and documents
Statutory Prevent Duty Guidance for specified Scottish local authorities
Preventing violent extremism through education: A guide for policy-makers
PDF file: Formers and Families - Transitional journeys in and out of violent extremism in the UK
Frequently asked questions
Language and terminology guide
Scottish peer review: Self-assessment framework (361 KB) - This self-evaluation framework is intended to assist schools and local authorities with a means of assessing their Prevent delivery and to support effective and consistent implementation of the Prevent Duty. It can be used to assist with a Prevent peer review and for internal self-assessment. It does not represent any form of legal advice issued by or on behalf of the Scottish Government, nor should it be considered an authoritative statement of the law.
Career long professional learning
UK Government Home Office Prevent e-learning
UK Government Referrals e-learning
Learning and teaching resources
Extreme Dialogue - Educational resources created to build young people’s resilience to violent extremism. Classroom activities include active discussion and enhanced critical thinking, inspired by a series of short films. Download a teaching resource that can be adapted for use in Scottish schools.
PDF file: Extreme Dialogue for PREVENT Scotland (1.3 MB)
PHSE Association: Addressing extremism and radicalisation - A series of four lesson plans for third and fourth level with a specific focus on addressing extremism and radicalisation of all kinds.
PHSE Association: Discussing a terrorist attack.
No Hate Speech Youth Campaign - This website provides information about the campaign and the resources developed to prevent, counter and produce alternative narratives to hate speech. Download a teaching resource that can be adapted for use in Scottish schools.
PDF file: No Hate Speech Movement PREVENT Resource (162 KB)
London Grid for Learning: Counter-extremism narratives and conversations
- Educational resources created to build young people’s resilience to violent extremism. Classroom activities include active discussion and enhanced critical thinking, inspired by a series of short films.
NPCC Run Tell Hide - Security experts from Counter Terrorism Policing have commissioned the creation of an animated core film designed to teach young people how to react if caught up in an a gun or knife terror attack. The film aimed at 11 to 16-year-olds will also show them what to do if they see suspicious behaviour or a suspicious item.
Educate Against Hate - Children often take risks, explore new things and push boundaries as they become more independent. This site provides practical advice and information on protecting them from extremism and radicalisation.
Let's Talk About It - An initiative designed to provide practical help and guidance to the public in order to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism.