Explore this research
How was the research carried out?
The research involved a mixed methods design including quantitative research methods (e.g. data for birth and child cohorts) and qualitative research methods (e.g. interviews with the child’s main carer over the first 4 years of the study).
What are the strengths of the research methodology?
Mixed methods designs combine qualitative and quantitative research methods. These designs aim to use the strengths of different methods and to triangulate findings to produce more balanced results and a deeper understanding of the issues.
What is the context for this research?
There have been a number of policies and initiatives introduced at UK level and in Scotland to address child poverty. For example, the UK Government made a commitment to end child poverty by 2020 and in 2009 launched the Child Poverty Bill. However UK and Scottish Government statistics indicate that, despite progress, there are still significant numbers of children living in poverty.
The following questions may provide a stimulus for discussion:
- Are you aware of the extent to which children and families live in poverty in your area?
- In your setting, how well do you understand the factors which can influence the educational outcomes of learners from disadvantaged areas?
- How could your setting improve outcomes for learners from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
About the author(s)
This research was commissioned by the Scottish Government and undertaken by Matt Barnes, Jenny Chanfreau and Wojtek Tomaszewski (National Centre for Social Research).
British Educational Research Association (2014). Social Inequality: Can Schools Narrow the Gap? London: British Educational Research Association.
Teddlie, C. and Tashakkori, A. (2011). Mixed Methods Research: Contemporary Issues in an Emerging Field; in Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (Sage Handbooks), 4th. Ed.
This research was not commissioned by Education Scotland and the findings, recommendations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Education Scotland.
Barnes, M,. Chanfreau, J. and Tomaszewski, W. (2010). Growing up in Scotland: The Circumstances of Persistently Poor Children. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
Link(s) to full research article
Growing Up in Scotland: The Circumstances of Persistently Poor Children