About this research
How was the research carried out?
The research involved a literature review and drew on observation, administrative and large-scale survey data e.g. the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the largest continuing and nationally representative assessment of knowledge and skills in core subjects in America, and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, an international assessment of mathematics and science.
What are the strengths of the research methodology?
Large-scale survey and administrative data provide a large, representative sample size to draw from, making it easier to identify trends and conduct statistical analysis. Observations allow researchers to gather information on a range of areas including real-life situations, events and specific groups.
What is the context for this research?
The researchers sought to add to existing research on the importance of academic behaviours and mindsets. Previous research used relatively narrow measures and faced a number of methodological challenges. This paper was intended to contribute to the development of a better understanding of how and when teachers affect students’ academic behaviours and mindsets.
The following questions may provide a stimulus for discussion:
- How important do you think learner motivation, persistence and self-control are in relation to achievement in mathematics?
- In your setting, what can you do to encourage motivation, persistence and self-control among learners studying mathematics?
About the author(s)
The report was written by David Blazar (Harvard Graduate School of Education and 2015 Mathematica Summer Fellow) and Matthew A. Kraft (Brown University).
Are Boys and Girls Equally Prepared for Life? Paris: OECD.
This research was not commissioned by Education Scotland and the findings, recommendations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Education Scotland.
Blazar, D. and Kraft, M.A.(2015). Teacher and Teaching Effects on Students’ Academic Behaviors and Mindsets in Mathematica Policy Research: Working Paper No. 41.
Link(s) to full research article
Teacher and Teaching Effects on Students’ Academic Behaviors and Mindsets (2015)