About this research
How was the research carried out?
The research used a combination of administrative data (e.g. the national pupil database, which is a census of all children in the state-funded school system in England) and survey data (e.g. the Millennium Cohort Study, which looks at children’s skills and achievements in the pre-primary and primary years).
What are the strengths of the research methodology?
Such large-scale survey and administrative data provide a large, representative sample size to draw from, making it easier to identify trends and conduct statistical analysis.
What is the context for this research?
This research was carried out following a marked improvement in the attainment of disadvantaged pupils in London. It explored the different factors which may have contributed to this success. As the policy and educational contexts are different, it is important to be aware that the approaches studied may need to be contextualised for application in Scotland.
The following questions may provide a stimulus for discussion:
- In your setting, what is the capacity for 'localised problem solving'. How could this be developed?
- How could your setting improve outcomes for learners from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
- How could you collaborate with partners to improve outcomes for learners from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
About the author(s)
This research was part of the ‘Social Policy in a Cold Climate’ programme funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, the Nuffield Foundation, and Trust for London, and co-funded from the ESRC-funded Centre for the Microeconomic Analysis of Public Policy at the Institute for Fiscal Studies. It was written by Jo Blanden (University of Surrey and Centre for Economic Performance), Ellen Greaves and Luke Sibieta (Institute for Fiscal Studies), Paul Gregg (University of Bath) and Lindsey Macmillan (UCL Institute of Education).
Claeys, A; Paterson, C and Kempton, J (2014); Regional Challenges: A Collaborative Approach to Improving Education. London: Centre for Excellence and Outcomes in Children and Young People's Services.
Ofsted (2010). London Challenge. Manchester: Ofsted.
This research was not commissioned by Education Scotland and the findings, recommendations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Education Scotland.
Blanden, J., Greaves, E., Gregg, P., Macmillan, L. and Sibieta, L. (2015). Understanding the Improved Performance of Disadvantaged Pupils in London. London: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion.
Link(s) to full research article
Understanding the improved performance of disadvantaged pupils in London