About this research
How was the research carried out?
The research involved a systematic review of UK and international evidence, which aims to identify a comprehensive set of research evidence to answer one or more research questions. The research involved: an initial search of UK and international databases (e.g. IDOX, ERIC) and websites (e.g. Barnardos) to identify relevant research literature; screening of this literature and selection of studies which met predefined criteria; and analysis and synthesis of the research literature.
What are the strengths of the research methodology?
Systematic reviews provide a comprehensive picture of the research literature in a particular area, usually based on the results of many studies in different settings. They bring together a wide range of research literature in one report, ideally offering an overview of key findings and/or evidence gaps.
What is the context for this research?
The review was undertaken in Northern Ireland as part of the Office for the First Minister/Deputy First Minister Research Strategy. The strategy aimed to enhance the evidence base used to develop and evaluate equality, social need and good relations policies. While the strategy focuses on the Northern Ireland context, the review focused on the broader issue and included UK and international evidence. As the research included covers different parts of the UK and other countries, the findings may need to be contextualised for application in Scotland.
The following questions may provide a stimulus for discussion:
- In your setting, how well do you understand the links between socio-economic disadvantage and educational outcomes?
- How could your setting improve outcomes for learners from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
- How could your setting support the development of resilience among learners from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
- How could you collaborate with parents from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds to improve the quality of their children’s learning at home?
About the author(s)
This review was commissioned by the Office for the First Minister/Deputy First Minister in Northern Ireland and undertaken by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER). The report was written by Julie Nelson, Kerry Martin and Gil Featherstone (NFER).
Ellis,S. and Sosu, E. (2014). Closing the Attainment Gap in Scottish Education. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
This research was not commissioned by Education Scotland and the findings, recommendations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Education Scotland.
Nelson, J,. Martin, K,. and Featherstone, G. (2013). What Works in Supporting Children and Young People to Overcome Persistent Poverty? A Review of UK and International Literature. Slough: NFER.
Link(s) to full research article
What Works in Supporting Children and Young People to Overcome Persistent Poverty? A Review of UK and International Literature