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How was the research carried out?
The research involved a systematic review, which aims to identify a comprehensive set of research evidence to answer one or more research questions. The research involved: an initial trawl to identify relevant research literature; screening of this literature and selection of studies which met predefined criteria; and analysis and synthesis of the research literature.
What are the strengths of the research methodology?
Systematic reviews provide a comprehensive picture of the research literature in a particular area, usually based on the results of many studies in different settings. They bring together a wide range of research literature in one report, ideally offering an overview of key findings and/or evidence gaps.
What is the context for this research?
A range of policies and strategies have been introduced in recent years which aim to address the attainment gap between deprived children and young people, and their peers. This research focuses on the issue from a Scottish perspective and highlights a lack of Scottish focused evidence.
The following questions may provide a stimulus for discussion:
- In your setting, how well do you understand the links between socio-economic disadvantage and educational outcomes?
- What can you do to respond to the particular needs of learners in your area from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds?
About the author(s)
This research report was commissioned by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and written by Edward Sosu and Sue Ellis (Strathclyde University).
British Educational Research Association (2014). Social Inequality: Can Schools Narrow the Gap? London: British Educational Research Association.
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Day, C. (2015). The Role of Continuous Professional Development in Closing the Gap in Educational Attainment. Cardiff: Public Policy Institute for Wales.
Ofsted (2013). The Pupil Premium: How schools are spending the funding successfully. Manchester: Ofsted.
Hutchings, M,. Greenwood, C,. Hollingworth, S,. Mansaray, A,. Rose, A,. Minty, S. and Glass, K. (2012). Evaluation of the City Challenge programme. London: Department for Education.
Chapman, C., Mongon, D., Muijs, D., Williams, J., Pampaka, M., Wakefield, D. and Weiner, S. (2011). Evaluation of the Extra Mile . London: Department for Education.
Ofsted (2010). London Challenge. Manchester: Ofsted
This research was not commissioned by Education Scotland and the findings, recommendations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Education Scotland.
Ellis, S. and Sosu, E. (2014). Closing the Attainment Gap in Scottish Education. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.