Last Updated: Wednesday, April 27, 2022

Supporting professional judgement in physical education – Exemplification videos

What is this?

This resource illustrates the Significant Aspects of Learning (SALs) in physical education and sets out clear lines of progression from early to fourth levels.

The videos, along with supporting text, cover all levels through a range of learning contexts.

Who is this for?

This resource is relevant to teachers and Early Learning and Childcare (ELCC) practitioners, who are planning, assessing, monitoring and tracking progress in physical education.

How to use this exemplar to improve practice?

This resource is designed to support practitioners in their understanding of the Significant Aspects of Learning in PE. The resource may also help:

  • provide a focus for professional dialogue involving a group of staff within or across establishments;
    provide a focus for dialogue involving parents;
  • identify the range of work which exemplifies a SAL;

There is not an expectation that practitioners will replicate the activities highlighted in the video clips for learners in their own establishment.

In addition, when viewing the video clips, it should be recognised that while they ‘signpost’ a particular aspect of learning they also capture more than just the intended sequences. Consideration of this should be part of the professional dialogue which is generated by the clips.

The video clips can be used in conjunction with the Benchmarks to support teachers to understand standards and identify children's and young people's next steps in learning.


Moderation is the way in which practitioners arrive at a shared understanding of standards and expectations.
Moderation takes place at local, regional and national levels, including:

  • teachers and practitioners at the same curriculum level;
  • across a school or setting;
  • across a group of schools/settings;
  • within local authorities;
  • through regional groups;
  • via national groups.

Explore this resource

Physical competencies

This section covers: kinaesthetic awareness, balance and control, coordination and fluency, rhythm and timing, and gross and fine motor skills.

You can see the supporting text by clicking on the YouTube logo in the bottom right corner of the video player. The supporting text is also available in the PDF below.

Clicking on the menu icon in the top left corner of the video player allows you to skip to a particular video within the playlist.

PDF file: Supporting text for exemplification videos - Physical competencies (52 KB)

Kinaesthetic awareness

Balance and control

Coordination and fluency

Rhythm and timing

Gross and fine motor skills

Cognitive skills

This section covers: problem solving, focus and concentration, decision making, creativity, cue recognition, prioritising, multi-processing, sequential thinking.

PDF file: Supporting text for exemplification videos - Cognitive skills (65 KB)

Problem solving

Focus and concentration

Decision making


Cue recognition



Sequential thinking

Personal qualities

This section covers: motivation, confidence and self-esteem, determination and resilience, responsibility and leadership, respect and tolerance, communication.

PDF file: Supporting text for exemplification videos - Personal qualities (51 KB)


Confidence and self-esteem

Determination and resilience

Responsibility and leadership

Respect and tolerance


Physical fitness

This section covers: stamina, speed, core stability and strength, and flexibility.

PDF file: Supporting text for exemplification videos - Physical fitness (54 KB)



Core stabiity and strength