Last Updated: Monday, December 19, 2022

Teaching about conflict and war: Support for educators

What is this?

This resource provides links to content that can be used to develop appropriate learning and teaching experiences around conflict and war.

Who is this for?

This is for practitioners who are engaging and supporting learners in dealing with aspects of this topic.

This resource provides links to content that can be used to develop appropriate learning and teaching experiences around conflict and war. It can be used in providing support to children and young people who may be anxious about what they see or hear in the news.

Psychological wellbeing advice pack for supporting Ukrainian families, host families, and professionals - Ukraine refugee psychological wellbeing pack: guidance for services - (

How to use this resource

Given the political sensitivities around this topic, the wide range of issues involved and the specialist knowledge required, this resource aims to support classroom teaching across a range of disciplines.

Although this resource is intended to be used to support learning and teaching around conflict and war in the broader sense, given the current situation in Ukraine many of these materials can be used to support practitioners now. We will work to update the resource with further materials in due course.

Explore this resource

Conflict is an ever-present feature of our modern world. Many of our learners may have been affected by the various situations which regularly make the news headlines. The links shared look at conflict in Ukraine. It is important to ensure that the information we provide to our learners is age appropriate and enables them to explore these complex issues and so support them towards reaching their own conclusions.

Background information on conflict and war

Ukraine Profile: a chronology of key events in the history of Ukraine (BBC Timeline). The World Factbook from the CIA provides basic information around a range of themes (history, geography, economics, politics etc.).

War in Ukraine: What's happening there? - CBBC Newsround. A continuously updated resource from the BBC, targeted at children and young people. Ukraine or the Ukraine: Why do some country names have 'the'? – explains the distinction between the common, and erroneous, “the Ukraine” and “Ukraine”.

A Modern Studies approach to introducing the topic. What I did today when students asked about Ukraine. in TES Magazine.

Understanding the news

There has been an enormous amount of false news circulating on social media during the war. It is important that children and young people understand where to source news content and have the skills to evaluate its reliability.

The digital learning team at Education Scotland has developed a resource that supports practitioner understanding of the importance of Information Literacy: critical thinking online relating to web based content such as news.

You decide - A political literacy resource is a resource to help teachers with the teaching of controversial issues. There is information on techniques which can be used to help children and young people to improve their political literacy. Within You Decide, there is a resource which provides suggestions of how to help learners from first to third level to understand how fake news may affect them, see Fake News resource. All of these resources are also available in Gaelic.

The BBC has a wealth of relevant resources in this area, including:

The Times: The Kremlin always falls prey to pride and paranoia is an opinion piece from historian Max Hastings on the context of the Ukrainian conflict. Could be useful for as part of learning on how journalism works, reading comprehension, and compared with other pieces that learners find themselves as part of their own research.

It may be useful for learners to consider some of the issues around the sharing and availability of information in past conflicts. How does the media and live reporting affect opinions? How does the emphasis on some conflicts rather than others in the media affect public opinion?

Resilience and wellbeing

Children and young people may experience a range of emotions as a result of the current situation. They could be worried and/or afraid as well as distressed by the news and what they may hear from others. Some children may be particularly vulnerable – for a variety of reasons, including those who may have family or other ties to those involved in the current situation. Supporting children and young people’s mental health and wellbeing is therefore an important aspect for practitioners to be aware of and sensitive to.

The Compassionate Connected Communities Professional Learning Activity provides an overview of recognising and responding to trauma. The Compassionate and Connected Classroom raises awareness of the impact of adversity and trauma. This resource, for 3rd and 4th levels provides opportunities to talk about coping with difficult situations. The Journey: Adventures in Resilience

The BBC publishes a wide range of support materials for this context:

Supporting children and young people from Armed Forces families during conflict and war. The number of children and young people of Armed Forces families in Scottish schools is a sizeable group. Planning and supporting the mental health and wellbeing of this group of children and young people is a priority.

Unicef UK: Advice on talking to children about the conflict in Ukraine - six ways you can support a child.

On 23rd March 2022 a conflict and war webinar brought educators together to explore and discuss approaches to this work. This is the presentation that was delivered during that session.

Grampian NHS resources:

PDF file: It’s ok to be worried about war and conflict - ASC (979 KB)

PDF file: It’s ok to be worried about war and conflict - Parents (2 MB)

PDF file: It’s ok to be worried about war and conflict - Teens (3 MB)

PDF file: It’s ok to be worried about war and conflict - Under 12s (1.75 MB)

Additional resources

Conflict and War - wakelet - this Education Scotland wakelet contains links to useful advice and resources to support practitioners discuss war and conflict with children and young people.

The British Psychological Society has prepared a helpful blog with advice on how to support children to manage anxiety over war, conflict and crises.

Help for teachers and families to talk to pupils about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and how to help them avoid misinformation - a resource from the Department of Education. ‘We know that schools are well placed to talk to pupils about the images they are seeing and help them navigate the concepts and issues this brings up but we’re also aware that it raises issues some schools and teachers may never have encountered before.

ADES Forces Children's Education website has a page dedicated to Armed Forces Families - Conflict and War.

How does war impact on human rights? - a summary of the articles from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

Being me through adversity and trauma: a wakelet from the Education Scotland Children and Families Team.

A useful guide for interdisciplinary learning (IDL) from OXFAM: Teaching Controversial Issues.

An IDL thought paper from Education Scotland, NoTosh and a Co-Design team from across Scotland:
Interdisciplinary Learning: ambitious learning for an increasingly complex world.

Anti-racist toolkit for teachers: this resource is for all educators who want to make a start at understanding what anti-racism is.

Open University: Introduction to Ukrainian language and culture - find out about Ukraine and its people and get an insight into its rich cultural heritage.

Scilt: Ukraine: resources for schools and families - resources to welcome young people and their families from Ukraine to Scotland.