1. Early intervention and prevention
Investing in the early years of a child's life is crucial to developing strong and resilient children and young people.
2. Social and Emotional Wellbeing
Social and emotional wellbeing is essential to ensure children and young people are included, engaged and involved. Promoting positive relationships and behaviour is essential in supporting children's and young people's health and wellbeing throughout their lives.
3. Promoting healthy lifestyles
Increasing levels of physical activity and healthy eating are important in tackling health inequalities. Those living in deprived communities have a higher risk of developing preventable ill-health.
4. Targeted approaches to literacy and numeracy
Skills in literacy and numeracy are key to accessing all other learning, achievement and employment. Schools should have a focus on high quality pedagogy to improve attainment in these areas for the most vulnerable children.
5. Promoting a high quality learning experience
Providing high quality learning and teaching supports better outcomes for all children and young people but particularly for those from disadvantaged backgrounds. High quality feedback supported by quality dialogue helps learners develop an understanding of their learning and what they need to do to improve their progress.
6. Differentiated support
Identifying and addressing barriers to engagement and learning, in line with Additional Support Needs legislation and Getting it Right for Every Child, contributes to improving the life chances of our most vulnerable learners. Effective and targeted approaches to tracking and monitoring progress supports the identification and removal of barriers to learning.
7. Use of Evidence and Data
Using a wide range of evidence and data is essential to support the identification of those children and young people not fully realising their potential and to inform all improvement work.
8. Employability and skills development
Preparing children and young people for the world of work and employment gives a firm foundation for their future. Developing employability skills is particularly important for children and young people living in our most deprived communities.
9. Engaging beyond the school
Helping parents to support their children's learning and having high shared ambition, aspirations and expectations are important strategies in raising attainment for the most disadvantaged children and young people.
10. Partnership working
Developing partnership working can help schools to offer a wider variety of learning experiences for vulnerable children and young people, both in school and in the community.
11. Professional learning and leadership
Promoting and participating in professional learning and developing practice has significant impact on improving outcomes for learners. Effective leadership at all levels is necessary to drive improved outcomes for vulnerable children and young people.
12. Research and evaluation to monitor impact
The focused use of research and evaluation can help schools to make informed decisions about which interventions are likely to have the biggest impact on the most disadvantaged children and young people.
Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) Toolkit
An EEF toolkit is available to support access to national and international research evidence relating to closing the attainment gap.
This is based around the EEF Teaching and Learning Toolkit. The EEF Toolkit provides an accessible summary of educational research designed to inform discussions on the most effective approaches to improving attainment, with a focus on 5-16 year olds and poverty disadvantage. It contains 34 teaching approaches and interventions, each summarised in terms of their average impact on attainment, the strength of the evidence supporting them and their cost.
This toolkit will be useful for education leaders and practitioners to inform decision making on use of Pupil Equity Funding, raising attainment and improving equity. It can be used in conjunction with the range of interventions and approaches provided above.