Parent Zone



Dyslexia can affect the way people communicate, and it’s different for everyone. It is not just about reading and writing and it is not a sign of low intelligence. Dyslexia exists in all cultures, for all abilities and socio-economic backgrounds., PZ Content Page
Restorative approaches approachesRestorative approachesMany people may believe that those who bully others must be punished. Restorative approaches are built on values which separate the person from the behaviour. They promote accountability and seek to repair any harm caused in a situation., PZ Content Page
Types of plan of planTypes of planDifferent levels of planning may be required to make sure that your child gets the right support. These include personal learning planning, individualised educational programmes and co-ordinated support plans., PZ Content Page
The Additional Support for Learning Act Additional Support for Learning ActThe Additional Support for Learning ActThe Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act 2004: created the term 'additional support needs'; places duties on local authorities to meet the needs of pupils for whom they are responsible; and gives parents a number of rights., PZ Content Page
English as an additional language as an additional languageEnglish as an additional languageIf English is not the main language that you and your family speak at home, your child may need some extra support to help them learn., PZ Content Page
What are additional support needs? are additional support needs?What are additional support needs?All children and young people need support to help them learn. Through good quality learning and teaching, staff in early learning and child care settings and schools are able to meet a diverse range of needs without additional support., PZ Content Page
Autism spectrum disorder spectrum disorderAutism spectrum disorderIf your child has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), they will have difficulty making sense of the world. They may have difficulties in: social communication; social interaction; social imagination and flexible thinking., PZ Content Page
Interrupted learning learningInterrupted learningWhatever has caused your child's interrupted learning, they may need some additional support to help them do their best at school., PZ Content Page
Resolving concerns concernsResolving concernsBuilding a strong relationship with those who work with your child will make it easier to resolve any disagreements informally. For more serious concerns, you can contact your local authority., PZ Content Page
Experiencing bullying behaviour bullying behaviourExperiencing bullying behaviourIf your child has experienced bullying behaviour, this may include: being called names, teased, put down or threatened; being hit or hurt in some way; having belongings taken or damaged; being left out; online abuse and more., PZ Content Page
Travelling communities communitiesTravelling communitiesIf your child is from a travelling community, there will be many traditions that are important to them and to you. Staff at your child's school should be aware of this and will work to support your child and respect their traditions., PZ Content Page
Highly able pupils able pupilsHighly able pupilsIf your child is highly able this means they are working, or have the potential to work, ahead of other children and young people their own age., PZ Content Page
Selective mutism mutismSelective mutismIf your child has selective mutism they will speak freely to only a small number of people with whom they feel comfortable., PZ Content Page
Health needs needsHealth needsAt some point in their life your child might need additional support in school due to physical or mental health needs., PZ Content Page
Identifying additional support needs additional support needsIdentifying additional support needsAssessment is an ongoing process of gathering and making sense of information about your child and their circumstances. The purpose of assessment is to help identify the actions required to support development and learning., PZ Content Page
Planning for transitions for transitionsPlanning for transitionsTransitions are the moves that learners make from stage to stage in their education, for example starting, moving or leaving school. Some children with additional support needs will require extra help to make transitions successfully., PZ Content Page
Social and emotional behavioural needs and emotional behavioural needsSocial and emotional behavioural needsYour child may display disruptive behaviour (low-level, serious or violent), and will require additional support to develop positive behaviour in school and possibly to stop offending in the community., PZ Content Page
Learning environment environmentLearning environmentYour child may experience difficulties in their learning and achievement, and in involving themselves fully in the life of their school., PZ Category Page GP0|#aa1faf24-ef3c-47ec-ad54-68199e1b927d;L0|#0aa1faf24-ef3c-47ec-ad54-68199e1b927d|Learning environment;GTSet|#95bfa9fc-b050-4264-a21d-ac7bd80d2a90;GPP|#7feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Looked after by the local authority after by the local authorityLooked after by the local authorityUnder the provisions of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995, 'Looked After Children' are defined as those in the care of their local authority. They could be looked after at home, or away from home., PZ Content Page
Disability and health and healthDisability and healthYour child may experience barriers to their learning because of a sensory or specific language impairment, autism spectrum disorder or learning difficulties or a physical or mental health need., PZ Category Page GP0|#ec15ed71-990d-40f3-a8c3-2432f09053af;L0|#0ec15ed71-990d-40f3-a8c3-2432f09053af|Disability and health;GTSet|#e300bc71-6335-4618-a176-0c7f5eca6420;GPP|#7feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Identifying needs and getting support needs and getting supportIdentifying needs and getting supportWhat to do if you think your child may have additional support needs and how to resolve any concerns about the way your child is being supported., PZ Category Page GP0|#3003c926-e2e8-4b87-954a-6a67e5c05654;L0|#03003c926-e2e8-4b87-954a-6a67e5c05654|Identifying needs and getting support;GTSet|#95bfa9fc-b050-4264-a21d-ac7bd80d2a90;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Social and emotional factors and emotional factorsSocial and emotional factorsYour child may experience challenges in their learning because of a difficulty in forming relationships with adults and peers or because they struggle to express their feelings and thoughts., PZ Category Page GP0|#e7e8fded-c35c-4c1d-aebc-0b91fb8806ab;L0|#0e7e8fded-c35c-4c1d-aebc-0b91fb8806ab|Social and emotional factors;GTSet|#95bfa9fc-b050-4264-a21d-ac7bd80d2a90;GPP|#7feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Specific support needs support needsSpecific support needsFind definitions of specific support needs, what you can do to help your child and where you can get further information., PZ Category Page GP0|#7feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b;L0|#07feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b|Specific support needs;GTSet|#95bfa9fc-b050-4264-a21d-ac7bd80d2a90;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
How schools plan support schools plan supportHow schools plan supportFind out how schools and early learning and childcare settings plan to meet your child's learning and support needs at different stages., PZ Category Page GP0|#68eff4cb-f1fe-4218-b7e2-2a086e1cb4ec;L0|#068eff4cb-f1fe-4218-b7e2-2a086e1cb4ec|How schools plan support;GTSet|#e300bc71-6335-4618-a176-0c7f5eca6420;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Bereavement child may be experiencing a change such as the death of someone close, family separation, divorce, or natural disaster. Your child can receive support from staff, which may last for a short time or for a longer period., PZ Content Page
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder deficit hyperactivity disorderAttention deficit hyperactivity disorderIf your child has any of the following symptoms, they may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): attention difficulties; impulsiveness and hyperactivity or: not able to sit still, plan ahead or finish tasks., PZ Content Page
Family circumstances circumstancesFamily circumstancesThere are many different family circumstances that might cause difficulties for your child's learning., PZ Category Page GP0|#6ee4a241-89cb-473e-9a5c-7c573b025215;L0|#06ee4a241-89cb-473e-9a5c-7c573b025215|Family circumstances;GTSet|#95bfa9fc-b050-4264-a21d-ac7bd80d2a90;GPP|#7feb37ac-9390-4764-8d86-fea16376b13b;GPP|#3aaf6c3c-502f-4436-8a9e-32f93d0166a7;GPP|#c2a018e8-f604-43eb-b15a-3940008d4730
Language or speech disorder or speech disorderLanguage or speech disorderIf your child finds has difficulty with speech, they could have a speech disorder. If they have trouble understanding others or sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings, then they have a language disorder., PZ Content Page
Deaf and hearing impaired and hearing impairedDeaf and hearing impairedIf your child has a loss of hearing, they might not need a lot of support, but their progress will be monitored. For other children, a lot of support and planning may be needed to make sure they achieve to the best of their ability., PZ Content Page
Down's syndrome's syndromeDown's syndromeIf your child has Down's syndrome they are likely to have learning difficulties and may also have health issues related to their condition., PZ Content Page
Physical and motor impairment and motor impairmentPhysical and motor impairmentIf your child has an injury or disability that hinders normal physical functioning, they have a physical impairment. If your child has a loss or limited function in their muscle control, movement or mobility, they have a motor impairment., PZ Content Page
What should I do? should I do?What should I do?If you feel that your child may need some additional support to help their learning you should discuss this with their school in the first instance., PZ Content Page
Young carers carersYoung carersYour child may be looking after someone in your family who has an illness, a disability, a mental health problem or a substance misuse issue, and will probably be taking on a practical and emotional caring role., PZ Content Page
Visual impairment impairmentVisual impairmentIf your child has a visual impairment, their development before school may have been limited because of the sight loss. When your child goes to school, their teacher will make sure their development is improved., PZ Content Page
What are my rights as a parent? are my rights as a parent?What are my rights as a parent?All professionals, schools, local authorities and other appropriate agencies should actively involve you as a parent in their work with children. They should value your contribution and regard you as a partner in your child’s learning., PZ Content Page

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