Last Updated: Monday, November 18, 2019

Milestones to support learners with complex additional support needs

What is this?

​​Education Scotland has produced a set of milestones with accompanying guidance to specifically support learners with complex additional support needs. The aim of the milestones is to support practitioners to identify the progression of learning.

Foundation milestones provide an outline of key skills and competencies for all curricular areas. In addition, milestones for literacy and English and numeracy and mathematics have been produced for learners who are working at a pre-early level.

Who is this for?

The guidance and milestones would be appropriate for all practitioners working with children and young people identified as having complex additional support needs. This may be in a specialist context or in a mainstream context. Guidance and milestones are not intended to be used for typically developing children within the early years.

How to use this resource

PDF file: Milestones to support learners with complex additional support needs (817 KB)

Milestones are important points in development, and demonstrate progression. Learners who are not able to achieve any of the benchmarks within Early Level still require tracking and monitoring of their progression. Whilst many of these learners will move on to work at Early Level, some learners will continue to make progress at the pre-early stage.

Milestones are intended to support practitioners to track the progression of learners. They are not intended to provide an alternative curriculum for children and young people with complex additional support needs. Planning for such learners should continue to be based on the Experiences and Outcomes from Curriculum for Excellence, with personalisation where required.

A number of tables are provided which support practitioners to explore the different ways in which learners with complex additional support needs engage with their learning, and the levels of support they require. It is hoped that the use of the milestones will support a more learner-centred approach which celebrates the differences of all learners. We recognise that whilst there are individualised milestones that children and young people with complex additional support needs may move through, these are by no means all necessary aspects of progression.

Supporting resources

These resources are included to support individual or staff professional learning relating to the Milestones.

PDF file: Frequently asked Questions (223 KB)

PDF file: Introduction to Milestones Presentation (952 KB)

Videos

Tracking, Recording, Reporting and Planning

Word file: Example of a Generalised Pupil Profile (2.4 MB)

Word file: Example of a Simple Communication Profile (20 KB)

Excel file: Example of an Electronic Pupil Tracker (24 KB)

Word file: Example of an Individual Learning Plan (99 KB)

Word file: Example of an Evidence Form (22 KB)

PDF file: Example of Sensory Audit Tool for Classrooms and Schools (202 KB)

Continuum of Engagement and Types of Support

Assessment and Moderation

PDF file: Assessment and Moderation Presentation (913 KB)

Differentiation and planning for multiple levels within a class

PDF file: Planning for Differentiation Presentation (463 KB)

Improvement questions

When using the guidance and milestones for literacy and English and numeracy and mathematics, schools should ask themselves:

  • Have we moderated our understanding of the milestones as a staff group to ensure that we are able to track progression effectively?
  • Do we have a clear knowledge and understanding of how children and young people with complex additional support needs learn and progress so that we can take this into account when using the milestones?
  • Do we ensure that for each milestone we have incorporated the levels of engagement and the types of support required to determine whether the child or young person has been able to reach that milestone?

Downloads, further resources, and exemplars

PDF file: Milestones to support learners with complex additional support needs (817 KB)

PDF file: Summary of theoretical frameworks of development (200 KB)

Word file: Foundation Milestones (33 KB)

Word file: Literacy and English milestones (36 KB)

Word file: Numeracy and mathematics milestones (33 KB)

PDF file: Introduction to Milestones Presentation (952 KB)

PDF file: Assessment and Moderation Presentation (913 KB)

PDF file: Planning for Differentiation Presentation (463 KB)

Word file: Example of a Generalised Pupil Profile (2.4 MB)

Word file: Example of a Simple Communication Profile (20 KB)

Excel file: Example of an Electronic Pupil Tracker (24 KB)

Word file: Example of an Individual Learning Plan (99 KB)

Word file: Example of an Evidence Form (22 KB)

PDF file: Example of Sensory Audit Tool for Classrooms and Schools (202 KB)